At the early stage of infection, an infected person may experience:
There can also be no symptom at all.
- Use condoms properly and practicing safer sex is one of the most effective ways to reduce the risk of infection
- Maintain sexual relationship with only one uninfected partner.
- Never share syringe or personal items such as razor or toothbrush.
- Use disposable or sterilized skin piercing equipment and follow standard hygiene precautions during acupuncture or tattooing.
- Wear disposable gloves before in contact with blood.
- PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) and PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis): PrEP and PEP are effective additional measures alongside other HIV prevention tools if administered correctly. Please see our fact sheets on PrEP and PEP for more information on their use.
Testing is the only way to determine one’s HIV status.
In AIDS Concern’s testing service, we use the p24 Combo HIV rapid test, which can detect SOME new HIV cases within 15-28 days after infection. However, as it cannot detect all new HIV infections within this period, we suggest people can also get tested 90 days after suspected infection may have happened to be sure of one’s HIV status. The test is free, confidential and anonymous and comes with pre- and post-test counselling. Results are known in 20 minutes.
Infected with HIV does not equivalent to immediate medication treatment. Physicians will base on the HIV virus count and T4 cell count to prescribe medication. At this moment, there is no definitive effective cure for AIDS, however, there are adopted treatments available to reduce the level of the virus inside the body, thus it is possible to postpone the development of AIDS and from other bacteria, and improve the AIDS patient’s health and quality of life. Once started, HIV medication treatment are life term(life long) and HIV patients will have to return to his physician or clinic for regular follow up to check the progress and make necessary modificaiton in the treatment.